Introduction to the Gospel of Luke
The Bible is composed of 66 independent books/letters that were composed into a group of writings. It’s important to be aware of who wrote which book because the Bible was written by many different authors. Some authors wrote only one book, whereas some authors wrote a multitude of books. It’s also important to be aware of who the author’s target audience was, as different authors had different recipients.
It’s generally agreed upon that Luke wrote the book of Luke (surprise, surprise). Luke was most likely a Gentile (basically, not a Jew) by birth. He was well educated in the Greek language, as evidenced by his writings. When I took Greek class, the gospel of Luke was definitely the most difficult gospel to attempt to read because of his impressive use of the Greek language. Luke was also a physician, which would also explain his impressive education and use of the Greek language. He was a loyal companion of the apostle Paul as well.
The book of Luke was written to “most excellent Theophilus”. We aren’t exactly sure who Theophilus is. However, it was customary for Roman officials/governors to be addressed as “most excellent”. Therefore, some people come to the conclusion that Luke was writing to a Roman officer of some sort. Luke did not only write the gospel of Luke to the most excellent Theophilus, but he also wrote the book of Acts to Theophilus.
The books of Luke and Acts are great to be read together, since it is written by the same person and addressed to the same person. The book of Luke is all about the ministry of Jesus. The three synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) focused more so on WHAT Jesus did, and the gospel of John focused on WHO Jesus is. With that said, Matthew, Mark, and Luke have many similarities.
Since the book of Luke was written by a physician who was well educated, it is very structured and contains more detail than both Matthew and Mark. Luke also said that he wrote the book of Luke based off of eyewitnesses, people who actually saw first-hand the ministry of Jesus (Luke 1:2). Luke took all of the eyewitnesses and composed an orderly account for us about the life and ministry of Jesus.
I hope you all enjoy Luke’s account of the life and ministry of Jesus!